Elephants are the largest existing terrestrial animals of the world. They are divided into 3 main types:
- African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana)
- African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis)
- Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Elephants are herbivores and mainly eats grass and leaves. In contrast to the cow elephants living in herds together with their their calves, the bull elephants are solitary and only associate with other elephants during the mating season.
A special property of an elephant is its trunk, which is used as weapon, gripper hand for eating or as sucking and forcing pump for drinking. Sometimes the trunk is also used as snorkel for swimming.